Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery [MBBS]

Duration: 5½ Years
Level: Under Graduate
Type: Degree

MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is composed of 2 Words, M.B. – ‘Medicinae Baccalaureus’ (Bachelor of Medicine in Latin) and B.S. – ‘Bachelor of Surgery’ (in English). Though the name suggests 2 separate degrees, however, it is only 1 degree. It is an Undergraduate Academic Degree Course dealing with Medicine and Surgery. The duration of the MBBS course extends over a period of 4½ academic years which are divided into 9 semesters. Each semester is of 6 months duration. After the completion of an academic study, a candidate must complete 1 year of compulsory rotating internship. Each semester consists of approximately 120 teaching days. All over the duration of M.B.B.S. is 5½ years. MBBS is required to become a Doctor in Allopathic Medicine. Candidates are given an in-depth and proper knowledge of the human body through theory, practical experience in the dissection of bodies and observing various types of surgeries.

MBBS Eligibility


  • A basic requirement for applying for medical entrance tests is that the student should be at least 17 years old on or before 31st December of the year of admission. The upper age limit, where specified, is 25 years. Typically, written tests have questions from physics, chemistry and biology (botany and zoology). In general, the mix of questions is such that the focus on biology, which is a combination of zoology and botany, is as much as that on physics and chemistry together.
  • The Student must have passed the qualifying examination i.e. Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC/12th  Standard) or equivalent examination, from an Institution situated in India with English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Botany & Zoology).
  • A Student belonging to Open Category must have obtained not less than 50%  (i.e. 150 out of 300) marks in  Physics, Chemistry and Biology taken together at the HSC (or equivalent) Examination).
  • A candidate belonging to constitutional reservation claim must have obtained not less than 40% (i.e. 120 out of 300) marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology taken together at the HSC (or equivalent) Examination.

A candidate must clear NEET exam in order to be

  • Eligible for admission to Undergraduate Medical Courses for a particular academic year in case of General, General-EWS, it shall be necessary for a candidate to obtain a minimum of marks at 50th percentile in NEET(National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test) to Undergraduate Medical Courses held for the said academic year.
  • However, in respect of candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes, the minimum marks shall be at the 40th percentile. In respect of candidates with Benchmark Disabilities specified under the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, the minimum marks shall be at 45th percentile for Unreserved Category & GEN-EWS Category candidates and 40th percentile for SC/ST/OBC-NCL candidates.
  • The percentile shall be determined on the basis of highest marks secured in the All India common merit list in National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test for admission to Undergraduate Medical Courses.
If you want to know more about NEET Click here.


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